Antiquarianism, Language, and Medical Philology: From Early by Benjamin Elman

By Benjamin Elman

In keeping with a number of examine seminars, the authors during this quantity offer clean views of the highbrow and cultural historical past of East Asian medication, 1550-1800. They use new assets, make new connections, and reconsider previous assumptions, thereby interrogating even if and why ecu clinical modernity is a suitable normal for delineating the trendy destiny of East Asia’s clinical classics. the original value of early sleek Europe within the heritage of contemporary drugs shouldn't be used to gloss over the both special and therefore diverse advancements in East Asia. every one paper bargains an incredible contribution to knowing the dynamics of East Asian medication, particularly, the connection among scientific texts, scientific perform, and practitioner identification. moreover, the essays during this quantity are specially invaluable for guiding our realization to the move of scientific texts among various polities and cultures of early glossy East Asia, specially China and Japan. Of specific curiosity are the interactions, similarities, and modifications among scientific thinkers throughout East Asia.

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Disregarding the effects of the increase or decrease in the number of [sick people in] a given year, the number of people struck by Cold Damage before the summer solstice has been seven or eight out of ten… . Because they [contemporary physicians] did not dare to recklessly prescribe Zhongjing’s drug treatments for Three Yin disorder, physicians only observed the floating pulse and fullness at the chest and diaphragm, and then they prescribed bringing-down [purging] drugs. 27 In order to cope with this disturbing reality, physicians began to study the newly printed Treatise.

54 This is due to the fear of the coldness trait of this drug. Only one manifestation type—that of Peony Root and Licorice Decoction—mentions white peony root, with the symptom of the patient’s two legs having difficulty flexing due to coldness in the blood. Therefore, one has to supplement with white peony root, [but] this condition is not due to the effects of the season [it is caused by an internal problem, not external effects]. The Suwen volume of the Inner Canon states: “As for rough [pulse], it is due to excess yang qi.

46 During this time, mounted bandits47 have been raiding the city of Yizhen48 for three days straight. [Since] drug sellers in the city markets had no peony root for sale [to be included in the decoction for this manifestation type], I went to my herb garden, picked a peony [Chinese herbaceous peony], and completed the prescription. One doctor said, “This is red peony root. ” The patient had two sips from the decoction, perspired a little, and [the disorder] was resolved. Discussion: As for Zhongjing’s49 Cassia Twig adding and reducing me­thod, it is recorded in nineteen [of the Treatise’s] manifestation types, but 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 During the years following the Jurchen conquest of the Northern Song dynasty, the regions north and south of the lower Yangzi River were often the setting for repeated military confrontations between the troops of the Southern Song and the Jurchen Jin dynasty.

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