An Introduction to Theories of Personality: 6th Edition by Robert B. Ewen

By Robert B. Ewen

Meant as an higher point undergraduate and/pr graduate point textual content for classes on theories of character, character conception, character, or psychology of character. It offers an advent to the information of an important character theorist

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It involves not only the introjection of parental standards, but also the resolution of the child’s Oedipus complex—a major Freudian construct that will be discussed in the following section. THE DEVELOPMENT OF PERSONALITY Psychosexual Stages To Freud, personality development consists of a series of psychosexual stages. Each stage is characterized by a particular erotogenic zone that serves as the primary source of pleasure. The Oral Stage. During the first 12 to 18 months of life, the infant’s sexual desires center around the oral region (mouth, tongue, and lips).

However, the discovery that she does not have a penis causes intense feelings of inferiority and jealousy (penis envy). Typically, the girl responds by resenting the mother who shares her apparent defect. … Not until the emergence of the wish for a penis does the doll-baby [that the girl plays with] become a baby from the girl’s father, and thereafter the aim of the most powerful feminine wish. Her happiness is great if later on this wish for a baby finds fulfillment in reality, and quite especially so if the baby is a little boy who brings the longed-for penis with him.

A poorly prepared student who fails an examination may decide that the grading system was unfair. An inferior teacher may conclude that the students lack ability. Or a politician who spends tax money on personal vacations, engages in sexual harassment, or accepts favors from businesses that his committee regulates may believe that his august position entitles him to bend the rules. Threatening emotions may unconsciously be separated from related thoughts or memories, a defense mechanism known as intellectualization.

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