Advances in personality science by Daniel Cervone PhD, Walter Mischel PhD

By Daniel Cervone PhD, Walter Mischel PhD

This definitive quantity lays the rules for an interdisciplinary technological know-how of character. best investigators current novel insights and findings from molecular genetics, baby and life-span developmental psychology, neuroscience, dynamical structures idea, evolutionary psychology, and social cognition, in addition to character psychology itself, illuminating--and usually reformulating--fundamental questions about Read more...

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As Twenge notes, these results—which often 18 Personality Science include remarkably large effect sizes—directly contradict the hypothesis that self-reported personality characteristics may be unaffected by sociohistorical conditions. Instead, they motivate future research on how social conditions, which can vary so dramatically across both time and cultures, influence the developing person. Interestingly, Twenge also notes that her findings suggest that traditional twin studies underestimate the potential impact of environmental conditions and thus overestimate the overall percentage of variability in phenotypic characteristics that may be due to genetic factors by virtue of the fact that such studies generally include only one birth cohort.

Sutton’s findings (Chapter 5) similarly reveal that differential hemispheric activity is associated with different affective and motivational characteristics. Individuals are found to exhibit stable individual differences in EEG measures of asymmetry in anterior brain regions. These measures of brain activity are strongly correlated with self-report measures of behavioral inhibition versus activation–approach. Findings also indicate that EEG asymmetry relates to self-motivated performance, supporting the contention that different frontal brain regions function as 16 Personality Science elements of incentive versus threat motivation systems.

Wright, J. , & Mischel, W. (1987). A conditional approach to dispositional constructs: The local predictability of social behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 53, 1159–1177. , & Dodge, K. A. (1999). Personality development from the bottom up. In D. Cervone & Y. ), The coherence of personality: Socialcognitive bases of consistency, variability, and organization (pp. 94–126). New York: Guilford Press. PART I BIOLOGICAL BASES OF INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES Cortical Activity, Affect, and Motivation This page intentionally left blank CHAPTER 2 In Search of the Genetic Engram of Personality ELENA L.

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