A Handbook for Evidence-Based Juvenile Justice Systems by James C. Howell, Mark W. Lipsey, John J. Wilson

By James C. Howell, Mark W. Lipsey, John J. Wilson

This instruction manual promotes a accomplished approach based on evidence-based programming for juvenile justice platforms to undertake or improve their present approach. the great process is supported strongly through the wide learn base that's now to be had. This method acknowledges, first, particularly small percentage of the juveniles who at first input the juvenile justice procedure will turn out to be severe, violent, or persistent offenders, yet that team bills for a wide percentage of the final quantity of delinquency. a big section of a finished evidence-based juvenile justice procedure, consequently, is distinguishing those offenders from others and focusing awareness and assets on that smaller workforce. moment, a finished process acknowledges that severe, violent, or continual delinquency emerges alongside developmental pathways that development from much less to extra severe profiles of offending. precedence needs to be given to interrupting those criminal careers through calibrating the extent of supervision and keep watch over of the juveniles’ habit to their point of threat. The 3rd significant part of a entire process, accordingly, is valuable intervention courses which are able to lowering the recidivism of these juveniles in danger for extra delinquency. the great technique for severe, Violent, and protracted Juvenile Offenders is an administrative framework that helps a continuum of prone that parallel the advance of criminal careers. This framework emphasizes evidence-based programming particularly on recidivism aid, and helps protocols for constructing finished healing procedures that fit powerful companies with criminal therapy wishes alongside the life-course of antisocial careers, as they movement from consumption onward, to probation, neighborhood courses, confinement, and reentry. Juvenile justice platforms will take advantage of incorporation of a accomplished approach as supplied within the guide.

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3. See Arthur, M. , Hawkins, J. , Pollard et al. (2002); Crosnoe, Erickson, and Dornbusch (2002); Fagan, Van Horn, Hawkins, and Arthur (2007); and Hart, O’Toole, Price-Sharps et al. (2007). indb 36 5/29/14 10:55 AM 3 A Comprehensive Strategy for Evidence-based Juvenile Justice Practice T IN BRIEF his handbook promotes a comprehensive strategy for juvenile justice practice that is supported by the broad research base that is now available. This strategy recognizes, first, that a relatively small proportion of the juveniles who initially enter the juvenile justice system will prove to be serious, violent, or chronic offenders, but that group accounts for a large proportion of the overall amount of delinquency.

And Howell, J. C. (1993). A comprehensive strategy for serious, violent and chronic juvenile offenders. Washington, DC: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. indb 41 5/29/14 10:55 AM 42 Chapter 3 • Community primary prevention programs oriented toward reducing risk and enhancing strengths for all youth. • Focused prevention programs for youth in the community at greatest risk but not involved with the JJ system, or perhaps diverted from it. • Intervention programs tailored to identify risk and needs for firsttime minor delinquent offenders provided under minimal sanctions, for example, diversion or administrative probation.

About one-third escalated to SVC delinquency. • About two-thirds persisted in moderate to serious offending during adolescence. • Nearly half of the persistent offender group (45 percent) offended at a high peak level of severity during adolescence, the serious persisters. The other half (55 percent) persisted offending at a minor to moderate peak level of severity. • About a fifth of the sample (20 percent) of child delinquents desisted offending during adolescence. • Altogether, the SVC offenders accounted for about half of all serious and violent offenses in adolescence and adulthood.

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