By Keith Arthur. Berriedale
This publication, first released in 1936, presents a accomplished description and research of each constitutional element of British rule in India from 1600 to 1936. starting with an outline of the East India corporation earlier than Plassey, its structure, management of settlements, and relation to the Indian states, the e-book closes with an account of the reforms of the Nineteen Thirties, the occasions major as much as the White Paper and an research and elucidation of the govt. of India Act 1935.
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Extra resources for A Constitutional History of India, 1600-1935
I letters of administration in case of intestacy. Moreover, in 1727 (November 17th) it was provided by supplementary Letters Patent that the fines levied by the court should go to the Company. This principle had long been operative in practice, but clearly under a royal grant the claims of the Crown would have been paramount but for the express provision thus made. The charter of January 8th 1753 which superseded those of 1726 and 1727 contained some improvements. The aldermen were on vacancies occurring to be chosen by the governor and council.
The law 42 THE COMPANY BEFORE PLASSEY [Chap. I of England was not unknown and was applied where appropriate, and even some knowledge of international law can be traced. Rough and ready methods of obtaining confessions were not unknown, and summary punishment was awarded for perjury or contempt of court. Both in criminal and civil matters the court exercised a wide jurisdiction, but in cases where a capital sentence could be imposed, such as murder or rape, the court referred for sentence to the governor and council.
In 1748 a small force of sepoys was raised at Madras, following the example set by France four years earlier, while a European force was formed from sailors borrowed from the British ships on the coast and from men smuggled on board the Company's ships sailing from England, both bodies of troops being placed under the command of Major Lawrence with a commission from the Company. Clearly the control of such forces demanded further powers than those given by the charters to the Company, but in England itself it had been made clear that the Crown had no prerogative power to govern effectively troops in time of peace.