By Marjorie Keniston McIntosh
A group remodeled strains the restructuring of Havering among 1500 and 1620 via distinct research of demographic styles, the financial system, faith, social and cultural types, and native management and legislations. McIntosh's learn, the main advanced and richly drawn portrait of any English group during this interval, is going past neighborhood heritage in illuminating the transition from medieval to early modem lifestyles. A neighborhood reworked is the sequel to Professor McIntosh's acclaimed paintings Autonomy and neighborhood: The Royal Manor of Havering, 1200-1500, released through Cambridge in 1986.
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Additional info for A Community Transformed: The Manor and Liberty of Havering-atte-Bower 1500-1620
Yet many of the newcomers arrived in their teens or early twenties, and some married in Havering (see pp. 25-32 below). This should have elevated the ratio of marriages to baptisms, which we have seen was normal. Further, the marriage and burial of immigrants was presumably offset at least partially by the departure of young adults who had been born in Havering but left before marriage and death. It is indeed likely that the parishes which have proved capable of reconstitution had abnormally low levels of immigration and emigration.
See Apps. c and D, uncorrected figures. Crude birth and marriage rates (centred on the second year of each quinquennium) taken from Wrigley and Schofield as described above. 14 Life and death growth, and well below the national average. Havering was therefore marked by exceptionally heavy losses in its market-dominated parish and by a rural population which was barely reproducing itself. This demographic pattern was atypical. 12 During these years the number of births, marriages, and deaths were all increasing, with a substantial excess of births to deaths.
Nearly a third of the local male deponents, then, had spent at least five years living outside the region of their birth. Only a quarter of the total male group had always lived within Havering, and of these some had moved between Havering's two parishes. 47 There were thus few men in Havering who had spent their whole lives in the parish of their birth. Some local people travelled away from Havering in connexion with their trade or in the government's employ, occasionally going to the continent.