A Cognitive Grammar of Japanese Clause Structure by Toshiyuki Kumashiro

By Toshiyuki Kumashiro

This quantity represents the 1st entire paintings on jap clause constitution carried out in the framework of Cognitive Grammar. the writer proposes schematic conceptual buildings for the most important buildings within the language and defines jap case marking and grammatical family in basically conceptual phrases. The paintings hence makes a resounding case for the conceptual foundation of grammar, thereby constituting a robust argument opposed to the autonomy of syntax speculation of Generative Grammar.
The quantity can be of curiosity to any researcher wishing to understand how Cognitive Grammar, whose basic concentration has been at the non-syntactic elements of language, can clarify the clausal constitution of a given language in a close, entire, but unifying demeanour. as well as its theoretical findings, the amount incorporates a variety of revealing analyses and interpretations of eastern facts, which can be of serious curiosity to all eastern linguists, regardless of their theoretical persuasions.

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Introduction er selects a knife among other potential targets in his dominion and establishes mental contact with it. This reference-point ability has numerous linguistic manifestations. One manifestation is in possessive constructions (like Bill’s knife just observed above), in which the possessor corresponds to a reference point, and the possessee to its target (Langacker 1995a).  the doctor’s wallet; the dog’s tail; Bill’s uncle; the cat’s fleas; her anxiety; the teacher’s predicament; our bus; your candidate; Lincoln’s assassination b.

It is not the case at all, however, that just any descriptive construct is allowed in cognitive grammar. On the contrary, the theory adopts the stringent content requirement, which rigorously restricts the descriptive constructs that are allowed in the theory (Langacker 1987a: 53–54): (7) Content requirement [T]he only structures permitted in the grammar of a language (or among the substantive specifications of universal grammar) are (1) phonological, semantic, or symbolic structures that actually occur in linguistic expressions; (2) schemas for such structures; (3) categorizing relationships involving the elements in (1) and (2).

One such relationship is elaboration or instantiation, where a schema is elaborated by its instantiation and characterized in finer detail. The other is extension, which contains some conflicting specifications between the two structures. 3 (adapted from Langacker 1990a: 271) describes a simple network comprising only three senses. The prototypical sense at the bottom left is enclosed in a box with heavy lines, which signifies a heightened degree of entrenchment. An extended sense on its right is connected by a dashed-line arrow indicating the extension relationship.

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