A concise reference for researchers at the protest routine of the Nineteen Sixties and Nineteen Seventies, this publication covers the background of a few of the nationwide protest hobbies, the transnational elements of those hobbies, and the typical narratives and cultures of reminiscence surrounding them.
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Extra resources for 1968 in Europe: A History of Protest and Activism, 1956–1977
8. /trans. Ken Knabb, 284. 9. /trans. Ken Knabb, 323. 10. Wollen, “Bitter Victory,” 25. 11. Andrew Hussey, The Game of War: The Life and Death of Guy Debord (London: Jonathan Cape, 2001), 204. 12. ” Mai 68 in Frankreich (Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1995). 13. /trans. Ken Knabb, 288. 14. Marcus (1989); Ohrt (1990); Hecken (2006b). 15. Jamie Reid, Up They Rose. ; Jon Savage, England’s Dreaming. ; Fred Vermorel, Fashion & Perversity. A Life of Vivienne Westwood and the Sixties Laid Bare (London: Bloomsbury, 1996).
Organizations like the Internationale Antimilitaristische Vereinigung or the Industrial Workers of the World, founded in 1905 in the United States, were in favor of strategies against war that can be described by using key words like sabotage, objection, strike, and passive resistance. In short, the slogans “weapons to us” versus “weapons down” very pointedly describe the difference between Marxist and anarchist antimilitarism. When World War I started in 1914, however, neither Peace Societies nor the labor movement was able to prevent the four years of slaughter.
Wittner, The Struggle against the Bomb, 3 vols. (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1997). 2. For the following, cf. , Widerstand gegen den Krieg. , 1989), 8ff. 3. , Gewalt und Gewaltlosigkeit. Handbuch des aktiven Pazifismus (Zürich: Rotapfel-Verlag, 1928), 346 (translation by the author). 4. Cf. James Tracy, Direct Action. Radical Pacifism from the Union Eight to the Chicago Seven (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996), 12ff. 5. Abraham J. Muste, “Tract for the Times,” Liberation 1, no.